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Updated: Oct 8, 2020

Marriage is one of the main social institutions, and it is the means of establishing a family in which the society continues to flourish. Child marriage is a burning issue in Indian society. In India, despite the revised law, 18 is the legal minimum age for marriage for women, as many as three teenage girls in the 15-19 age group are married and every second teenage girl Gave birth to a child. Child marriage in India has been practiced for centuries, with children married before physical and mental maturity. The issue of child marriage in India remains at the root of a complex matrix of religions, customs, social practices, economic factors and prejudices. Regardless of the root of the marriage, child marriage is a gross violation of human rights, leaving behind physical, psychological and psychological scars for life. Sexual activity starts shortly after marriage, and early pregnancy and childbirth can cause mothers and infant mortality. In addition, younger married women are more likely to experience domestic violence in the home.

In the medieval ages, law and order were not yet a universal phenomenon and arbitrary powers were concentrated in the hands of a hierarchy led by a despotic monarch. In India the Sultans of Delhi who held the place of the despotic monarch, came from a different kind of culture. Orthodox in their belief with a fanatical commitment to their religion there is a ruthless method in its propagation. Intolerant as they were to all forms of worship other than their own, they also exercised contempt for members of other faiths World Scenario: But child marriages still take place in India, especially around the Hindu holy day of Akshya Tritiya. Normally Hindus decide the date for marriages based on horoscopes interpreted by pundits. Some dates however are considered so auspicious that no pundit needs to be consulted. One such day is Akshya Tritiya, the third day of Vaishakh, and the month of the Hindu calendar generally falling in May. During this time lots of marriages take place. Unfortunately, many of them are child marriages. It is a religious tradition in many places in India and therefore quite difficult to change. And that is really the crux of the problem - child marriages are a reflection that, like sati, women and girls is seen as property that „belongs to someone: her family, her husband, and her in-laws. If her marriage is left too late, she is considered a burden to her own family.

The motivating factor for marriage, children, women stand at the crossroads between production and reproduction, between economic activity and human attention, and thus between economic development and human development. They are workers in both fields. But discrimination against women is widespread. It starts with the womb and ends with the grave. This discrimination is reflected in education, work, work, family, and political society. The child marriage system is also a reflection of discrimination against women. There are several factors that are responsible for child marriage to be followed: a) Avoid the costs of female education: Human resource development plays an important role in economic development, effective use of physical resources depending on human capital or capital People are effective. Avoid sharing ancestral property: Women's rights to share ancestral property are also a factor responsible for promoting child marriage to some extent, single-parent families: some families are single parents, it forces them to They alleviate the burden by undertaking their marriage to girls under 18. It's just an excuse, the cost of marriage is minimal: Generally, husbands are considered higher than wives in the family. Social insecurity: Social security is also a social factor responsible for the child's marriage system.


Create a supportive network of (religious) leaders and teachers who can empower girls to negotiate with their parents , Expand training for health and community workers on the dangers of early marriage, engaging them as advocates and change agents in their communities and institutions , .Strengthen and establish community networks and partnerships involving girls clubs, teachers, elders, local government officials, women and youth groups, community and religious leaders, etc., that jointly work towards ending early marriage , Strengthen the role of the judicial system particularly the police, judges and persecutors through training on enforcement of the law against early marriage , Develop strong support systems to keep girls in school. Provide scholarships where necessary and encourage teachers to support girls , Bring leading professional women to communities to talk to girls as role models and a source of inspiration , Finally, given the factors motivating child marriages, all efforts should aim at change the gender biased attitudes of parents and society by imparting proper.



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